Tue 25 Oct. 2011, 17:20
Title: Tuller et al. An evolutionarily conserved mechanism for controlling the efficiency of protein translation
Speaker: Katka Juríková
Recent years have seen intensive progress in measuring protein translation. However, the contributions of coding sequences to the efficiency of the process remain unclear. Here, we identify a universally conserved profile of translation efficiency along mRNAs computed based on adaptation between coding sequences and the tRNA pool. In this profile, the first approximately 30-50 codons are, on average, translated with a low efficiency. Additionally, in eukaryotes, the last approximately 50 codons show the highest efficiency over the full coding sequence. The profile accurately predicts position-dependent ribosomal density along yeast genes. These data suggest that translation speed and, as a consequence, ribosomal density are encoded by coding sequences and the tRNA pool. We suggest that the slow \"ramp\" at the beginning of mRNAs serves as a late stage of translation initiation, forming an optimal and robust means to reduce ribosomal traffic jams, thus minimizing the cost of protein expression.