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Šablóna:Cite paper/doc

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Šablóna:Template doc page viewed directly This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for academic papers.

Usage summary

All field names must be lowercase.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

{{cite paper |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |version= |publisher= |date= 
             |url= |format= |id= |accessdate= }}


{{cite paper
  | first = 
  | last = 
  | author = 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | version = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
  | format = 
  | id = 
  | accessdate = 



Most fields can be wikilinked (i.e. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Description of fields

Syntax (for the technical-minded)

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)


  • last: Surname of author. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (e.g. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author. Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with "author" or "first" and "last".
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, separated by ", " (e.g. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
    • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first.
  • title: Title of paper. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
  • url: URL of an online location where the book can be found. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
    • accessdate: Full date when url was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.
  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such as "Ltd" or "Inc".
  • id: A unique identifier. You need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ISSN}}.


A simple case
Multiple authors
  • {{cite paper | author = Williamson, John | coauthors = Zagha, Roberto | title = From the Hindu Rate of Growth to the Hindu Rate of Reform | version = Working Paper No. 144 | publisher = Center for research on economic development and policy reform | date = 2002 | url = http://scid.stanford.edu/pdf/credpr144.pdf | format = [[PDF]] | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }} gives:
The title parameter is required
  • {{cite paper | author = Ziman, J.M., F.R.S. | date = 1968 | url =http://info.med.yale.edu/therarad/summers/ziman.htm | format = [[PDF]] | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }} gives:
    • You must specify title = when using {{cite paper}}.


See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Tools for a list of tools which can help create a reference in the 'cite paper' format.


  • Template 'Cite journal' allows more details to be entered and may be more appropriate if the paper was published in a journal.
40px This template employs intricate features of template syntax.
You are encouraged to familiarise yourself with its setup and parser functions before editing the template. If your edit causes unexpected problems, please undo it quickly, as this template may appear on a large number of pages.
Remember that you can conduct experiments, and should test all improvements, in either the general Template sandbox or your user space before changing anything here.