Rastislav Rabatin, Broňa Brejová, Tomáš Vinař. Using Sequence Ensembles for Seeding Alignments of MinION Sequencing Data. Technical Report arXiv:1606.08719, arXiv, 2016.
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Oxford Nanopore MinION sequencer is currently the smallest sequencing device available. While being able to produce very long reads (reads of up to 100~kbp were reported), it is prone to high sequencing error rates of up to 30%. Since most of these errors are insertions or deletions, it is very difficult to adapt popular seed-based algorithms designed for aligning data sets with much lower error rates. Base calling of MinION reads is typically done using hidden Markov models. In this paper, we propose to represent each sequencing read by an ensemble of sequences sampled from such a probabilistic model. This approach can improve the sensitivity and false positive rate of seeding an alignment compared to using a single representative base call sequence for each read.